apuan alps unesco global geopark





how is the

Museum of the "Bent Stone" in Levigliani
permanent exhibition of the apuan marble tradition


areas of the museum

where is the bent stone
what is the bent stone

ground floor: 

Pure and holy marbles (in niveo templo)
The area dedicated to sacred and funerary art exhibits important handiworks which testify to marble natural suitability for religious-content work of art. Columns, capitals, balustrades, vases, sculptures and bas-reliefs with religious images are here exhibited. It is a productive sector which in modern and contemporary age has been the leading sector of artistic and artisanal working techniques which use Apuan white and coloured marble.
Post council architecture choices for poor and local materials led into a crisis the sector which for long had contributed to several studies on sculpture, especially in Carrara, Pietrasanta, Seravezza and Querceta.



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first floor:

The colours of marble (luxuriosa materia)
The section is dedicated to coloured Apuan marble which nowadays is rarely used by the mining industry but was once particularly famous and prestigious. 
It was especially appreciated for its polychromatic decorations and baroque tarsias but it almost fell into disuse for furniture and luxury products.
The windows exhibit a rich collection of ornamental coloured Apuan marble of historical value and examples of handiworks exploiting the evocative effects of stones polychromy.




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Stones for houses and workshops (locus alchemicus)
For centuries kitchens and chemist’s shops have used a common tool, especially made of marble: mortar. Crushing of organic and inorganic materials was a typical activity in both places. Marble and local stones were raw materials for the production not only of mortars but also for vessels for the conservation of oil and lard and for containers for fire. The Museum houses a Park herbal about the flora of the Apuan Alps with exsiccata of plants of high naturalistic value.


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second floor:

27 centuries of history (marmor signum temporum)
Thanks to the material testimony of some marble serial but symbolic pieces of art almost three thousand years of history come alive in a single place. 
Especially architectonic work and everyday life tools mark the inexorable passing of centuries. 
Among local handiworks of historical and archeological value there are: a non pictographic funerary cippus with half-circle crowning from the Etrurian period; a large fragment of trabeation of an imperial Villa Rustica; basements, kingposts and capitals from late-medieval poliforas

Multimedia room
It is the documentary and illustrative area of the Museum.
It preserves filmography about the Apuan Alps and it allows to consult, also interactively, visual documents and hypertexts.
All these materials are a useful tool in order to understand the natural environmental and the history of the protected area.



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third floor:

Apuan Ligurian tombs in Levigliani
 (…ferrum hastae, lapides sepulcri…)

A special archaeological area exhibits ceramic findings (cinerary urns, cups, etc.) and other type of tomb equipment (fibula, armlets, rings etc.) from some graves dating back to the III-II century B. C. just before Roman conquest of the territory. Worth of mentioning is a javelin tip. It is thought to be bended for ritual purposes and it has miniature dimensions because it belonged to a child. Graves were kept in a lithic box consisting of five-six schist slabs with loose stones for external protection.



Exhibited materials derive from chance discoveries and scheduled excavations in Levigliani necropolis which is the largest burial ground of the people of the Apuan Ligurians in the geographic region which still keeps their name.

The archaeological finds are deposited here by the Superintendence for the Archaeological Heritage of Tuscany.